DOVE MAGAZINE

Martin Luther: umwe mubazanye idini ya Giporotesitanti (Protestantism) ni muntu ki?

Martin Luther ni umwe mu bazanye impinduka mu iyobokamana Abakristu bamwe biyomora ku idini Gaturika(catholic church) bashinga idini y’Abaporotesitanti (Protestant).Yavutse ku wa 10/11/1483 mu gace ka Eisleben mu cyahoze ari ubwami bw’Abaroma (Roman Empire) ariho ubu muburasirazuba bw’Ubudage (eastern Germany).

 

Martin Luther

Martin Luther

Amakuru dukesha urubuga rwa Christian Classics Ethereal Libraly avugako uyu Luther wari umuhungu wa kabiri mu muryango wa Hans Luther na Magarete , amaze kuvuka iwabo bimukiye mu mujyi ucukurwamo amabuye y’agaciro wa Mansfeld.Se wa Luther wakoraga umurimo wogucukura amabuye yumvaga azakora ibishoboka byose ngo umuhungu we Luther azahinduke umucamanza.

Martin Luther agize imyaka 7 yatangiye amashuri abanza.Agize imyaka 14 yoherejwe i Magdeburg gukomeza amashuri yisumbuye aho yamaze umwaka umwe akomereza mukigo cy’Abatariyani (Latin school) muri Eisenach kugeza mu mwaka wa 1501. Mu 1501 Martin Luther yagiye muri Kaminuza ya Erfurt aho yakomeje aamashuri ye ndetse akaza no kuhabonera impamyabumenyi y’ikirenga mu buvanganzo (Master of Arts) .Nyuma kandi yaje nokuhabonera ubumenyi mubya Tewolijiya(theology).

Mu kwezi kwa 7,1505 ubwo yari agiye gusohoza inzozi za Se zoguhinduka umucamanza, Martin yaje gufatirwa mu midugararo yabaye icyo gihe.N’ubwoba bwinshi bwogupfa yaje gutaka cyane asaba Mutagatifu Anna kumutabara ati” ntabara Anna nunkiza nzahinduka Umupadiri”. Ku wa 17/7 yinjiye mubihaye Imana muri Kuva (couvent) ya Agustini muri Erfurt ( Augustinian Monastery). Mu 1511yaje kwimukira muri Kuva (couvent) ya Wittenberg aho yaboneye impamyabumenyi yo mubwoko bwa dogitora (doctorat) muri tewolijiya(theology). Nyuma Martin Luther yaje kuba umwarimu wa Tewolijya (theology) muri kaminuza yari igishingwa ya Wittenberg. Mu 1513 Luther yatangiye inyigisho ye ya 1 kuri Zaburi, ndetse aza nogukurikizaho Urwandiko Paul yandikiye Abaroma aho ubusesenguzi kuri izi nyigisho bwatangiye kugenda buhindura imyizerere ye, ubuzima bwe, amateka y’itorero n’ay’umugabane w’Uburayi murirusange
Mu 1517 yometse inzandiko ku rugi rwa Kiriziya ya kaminuza zirwanya isaba ry’ibiguzi kugirango umuntu ababarirwe (gucibwa ikiru).Luther nawe yarwanyije icyo izo nyigisho zishingiye ku gusaba umuntu icyiru avugako agakiza ari ak’ubuntu umuntu adakwiriye gutanga ikiguzi runaka kugirango akizwe.Ntibyaciriye aho kuko nyuma Martin Luther Yaje no kwandikira Musenyeri Albrecht amusaba kubihagarika.

Ibi abasenyeri babifashe nko kuvogera ububasha bwa Papa nuko mu 1518 bakora inama maze Luther agaragaza ukuri kwe ashize amanga.Nyuma y’iyo nama Luther yasabwe n’igisonga cya Papa kureka ibyo bitekerezo bye maze Luther avuga ko atabireka keretse nibamugaragariza ikosa yakoze babyerekanishije ijambo ry’Imana n’impamvu zifatika. Mu 1519 Luther yakomeje kwigisha abantu uko kurikwe ndetse yandika n’inzandiko nyinshi.Mu 1520 Papa yamenye ibye cyane ku wa 15/6 amwandikira urwandiko rumusaba kwisubiraho, rumugeraho ku wa 10/10, Luther arutwikira mu ruhame ku wa 10/12 kuko yari akomeye cyane ku mahame ye kandi akumva ibyo Papa amubuza nta shingiro bifite kuko nta cyaha yabibonagamo arebye mu Ijambo ry’Imana.

Mukwa 3/1521 Papa yasabye umwami Charles wa 5 kumufasha ngo Luther ahinduke ku ngufu ariko Luther abasubiza agira ati: ‘Aha niho mpagaze, ntakindi shobora gukora”( here I stand,I can do no other),kuva ubwo yatangiye kurwanywa ndetse no gushakishwa n’abakuru b’Idini Gatulika ndetse n’Ubuyobozi bw’Ubwami bw’Abaroma.
Yarihishahishe kugeza mukwa 5/1522 nyuma agaruka Wittenberg akomeza kwigisha.Mu 1524 yavuye mu gipadiri nuko mu1525 ashaka umugore Katharina von Bora.

Kuva 1533 kugeza 1546 yabaye umuyobozi w’ishami rya Tewolijiya(theology) muri kaminuza ya Wittenberg, apfira muri Eisleben ku wa 18/ 1546.
Dusoza twababwira ko uyu Martin Luther w’Umudage uzwiho kugira uruhare mu kuzana imyemerere ya Giporotesitanti (Protestantism) atandukanye na Martin Luther King umwirabura w’Umunyamerika waharaniye uburenganzira bw’abirabura muri Amerika.


 

SRC: AGAKIZA

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