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Kutaduha umwihariko wacu nk’ ‘Abatwa’ tubura aho twisanga tukarushaho gukena – Niyomugabo

*Uwo mu ishyirahamwe ry’ababumbyi avuga ko ‘Abatwa’ bakwiye umwihariko,

*Avuga ko aho kwita ‘Umusangwabutaka’ yakwitwa ‘Umutwa’ kuko ngo iyo mvugo nayo irapfobya,

*Minitiri w’Ubutabera abona ko mu Rwanda nta we ukwiye kumva ko ari Umusangwarwanda

*Ambasaderi wa EU mu Rwanda avuga ko mu Rwanda bigoye kuzana iby’amoko, ariko ngo yabonye ko ‘Abatwa’ bafite ikibazo,

*Amb. Michael Ryan asanga ikibazo cy’Abasangwabutaka ataricyo gikomeye gihangayikishije Abanyarwanda.

Niyomugabo Ildephonse uhagarariye mu mategeko umuryango w’urubyiruko rw’ababumbyi bo mu Rwanda, ku wa kane tariki 17 Ukubza, ubwo Minisiteri y’Ubutabera yasobanuraga aho u Rwanda rugeze rushyira mu bikorwa iyubahirizwa ry’Uburenganzira bwa muntu, yavuze ko atemeranywa n’uko ikibazo cy’Abasangwabutaka ‘Abatwa’ gisobanurwa, agasaba ko Leta yakongera imbaraga mu kubateza imbere.

Niyomugabo Ildephonse abona ko hatagize igikorwa 'Abatwa' bapfa bagashira kubera ubukene

Niyomugabo Ildephonse abona ko hatagize igikorwa ‘Abatwa’ bapfa bagashira kubera ubukene

Mu kiganiro kirekire yagiranye n’Umuseke, Niyomugabo agira ati “Tubona hari ibyo Leta y’Ubumwe yakwiye gukora kuri aba bantu bitwa Abasangwabutaka ariko hatirengagijwe amateka iki gihugu cyanyuzemo.”

Uyu mugabo avuga ko ababazwa no kwitwa Umusangwabutaka aho kumwita ‘Umutwa’ yakomeje agira ati “Imyaka ishize ari 21 Jenoside yakorewe Abatutsi ihagaze, u Rwanda rwakoze byinshi rugenda ruzamura abantu buhoro buhoro, bamwe bagenda bava mu bukene.

Ariko iyo turebye politiki ziriho zo kugabanya ubukene, mu miryango itishoboye ari naho ikiciro cy’Abatwa kibarizwa, ‘ubu basigaye bitwa Abasigajwe inyuma n’amateka’, tubona hari icyo Leta yagakwiye gukora cya’umwihariko, kuko imyka 21 ishize hari abavuye mu bukene ariko mu miryango y’Abatwa buranuuma (ubukene).”

Yavuze raporo ya Komisiyo y’Abasenateri ijyanye n’Imibereho myiza yo muri 2008 yagaragaje ko ‘Abasangwabutaka’ ari umuryango ‘ukendeera’, ugenda ushira. Iyo raporo ngo yasabaga ko Leta y’Ubumwe bw’Abanyarwanda ikwiye kugira icyo ikora kugira ngo ifashe aba bantu na bo bazamuke.

Ati “Tubona ko mu rwego rwo kubashyira mu kiciro cy’Abasigajwe inyuma n’amateka, iki kiciro kirimo abantu benshi, abana, abatishoboye, abagore, abasaza, bose bari mu cyiciro cy’abo, ariko iyo abo ‘Batwa’ binjiyemo babura inyito ibajyanamo, ku buryo n’ibyitwa ko bikozwe, bikorerwa abana, abagore n’abasaza, ku buryo cya kiciro cy’Abatwa kibura icyo nakwita umwihariko wacyo kugira ngo nacyo cyinjiremo nk’uko ibyo bindi byahawe umwihariko.”

Niyomugabo akomeza agira ati “Abana bakorewe umuwihariko, abagore bakorewe umwihariko, …ariko cya kiciro cy’Abatwa nta mwihariko wacyo uhari, ariyo mpamvu dufite impungenge y’uko wa muryango ugenda ushira buhoro buhoro.”

 

Nubwo basaba umwihariko ntibirengagiza gahunda ya ‘Ndi Umunyarwanda

Uyu uhagarariye ishyirahamwe ry’Urubyiruko rw’ababumbyi mu Rwanda, agira ati “Ntabwo rwose turwanya ibyiza by’Abanyarwanda, natwe icyo duharanira ni uko iki cyiciro cyazamuka kikagira imibereho myiza.

Nta bushakashatsi bwihariye bwakozwe, ariko imibare igaragaza ko Abatwa bari hagati 30 000 na 35 000 mu gihugu hose wabaze umuntu ku wundi.

Ibyo byagaragajwe mu 2004 kugeza n’ubu mu 2015, imibare ntihinduka, tukibaza tuti ese ko tubona ko ari umuryango ugenda ushira, Leta y’Ubumwe ko yakoze byinshi byiza bitandukanye ku Banyarwanda, ni gute ikindi gice cy’Abanyarwanda kitakwinjizwa mu iterambere, icyo na kwita ‘Affirmative Action’ (Ivangura rigamije ibyiza ku bantu runaka)?

Leta y’Ubumwe yakoze byinshi, ariko ntibumve ko ibintu dusaba bitabaho, ahubwo bumve ko icyo tugamije ari ukugira ngo iki kiciro na cyo kizamuke mu mibereho myiza.”

Twaganiriye yemye wumva avuga ibyo yemera ariko ngo ntibikuraho ko bemera ibyo Leta y'Ubumwe yakoze

Twaganiriye yemye wumva avuga ibyo yemera ariko ngo ntibikuraho ko bemera ibyo Leta y’Ubumwe yakoze

 

Kuki Abasangwabutaka bativanga n’abandi Banyarwanda nk’uko Leta ibyifuza?

Niyomugabo uhagarariye umwe mu miryango yabo agira ati “Ibi bitera impungenge cyane, kuko burya buri kiciro kigira umuco wacyo, kandi umuco ni wo uranga umuntu. Iyo watakaje umuco, ugatakaza imibereho yawe, burya uba wamaze guhinduka undi muntu.

Ntabwo tubyanze, kuko niba Leta yarabonaga abantu baba mu mashyamba ku rwego rwo kuyabungabunga ikayabavanamo, ntabwo tubyanze, ariko hagombaga kubaho icyitwa ‘accompagnement’ (kubakurikirana), kuko ni abantu bari bavuye mu buzima bw’ishyamba bamenyereye, bajyanywe mu bundi buzima butari ubw’ishyamba.

Leta yagombaga gukora ‘accompagnement’ kugira ngo abo bantu binjire mu muryango nyarwanda, ibyo ntabwo byakozwe.

Niyo mpamvu tuvuga ngo amakosa yakozwe na Leta iyi n’iyi yo kwirengagiza uburenganzira bwa wa muntu wari mu ishyamba, iyisimbuye(Leta) ni yo igomba kubahiriza ubwo burenganzira, ni cyo natwe dusaba.

Tukaba dusaba ko umuco, ubuzima, imibereho byabungabungwa kuko ni imwe mu nkingi ziranga uyu muryango w’Abatwa, kuko kwivanga tuzatakaza bya byiza.”

Niyomugabo akomeza agira ati “Nk’ubu nitujya kuvuga mu muco nyarwanda, imbyino z’’Intwatwa’ ni iz’Abatwa. Iyo ni originalite (umwimerere wabo).

Ubu umuco nyarwanda uba uwambere ku Isi hose kubera ko abafite imari bawushoyemo amafaranga, ariko ba bandi benewo kubera ko nta mafaranga bafite, ibihangano byabo abandi birirwa babikoresha ku buntu, rimwe na rimwe bakabikoresha mu buryo benebyo batanabyifuza.”

 

Hari undi mwihariko w’Abatwa uhari uha agaciro kubafata byihariye?

Kuri iki kibazo Niyomugabo agisubiza agira ati “Abatwa babaga mu mashyamba, babayeho mu guhiga, basoroma, ni ko babagaho, n’uburyo bwo gukoresha imiti ya Kinyarwanda, ubu niyo mpamvu mvuga ngo ibi byo kwisungana muri ‘medecine moderne’ (ubuvuzi bugezweho) bibatera ubwoba kuko ntabwo bari babimenyereye.

Ni nayo mpamvu ubu kubura kw’amashyamba, ni imwe mu mpungenge dufite mu zituma bagenda bashira, kuko iyo barwaye ntabwo kwivuza rwose babyitabira ngo bajye kwa muganga bitewe n’imibereho yabo kuko ntabwo habayeho kubakangurira kuva muri ‘ medicine traditionelle’ bajya muri ‘moderne’.”

Akomeza agira ati “Hari igihe tujya kubasura ugasanga barwaye, ukababaza impamvu bativuza, bati ‘imibereho yacu ntibitwemerera, ubushobozi, tujya kwivuza bakatunena… Icyo twifuza ‘ni umuco’, n’ubwo Leta yabashije kubungabunga ya mashyamba, hari icyo bita umuco gakondo wari uhuye n’ishyamba uri kugenda ushira kandi ni umwe mu mitungo kamere ya wa muryango w’Abatwa ugenda ushira.

Uwo rero kuwutakaza ni uguta ubumuntu ‘Identity’, ntabwo twifuza kubitakaza, ariko hatagize ibyo tubangamira mu muryango nyarwanda kuko ntitwifuza kubangamira ibyo umuze kugeraho, icyo twifuza ni uko Umuryango nyarwanda ubona ko hari icyo dukeneye, tugakorerwa ‘protection’ (kubungabungwa).

Ibyo bidakozwe turavuga tuti ‘n’ubundi ni bwa burenganzira bukomeza guhutazwa, ariko ntibukwiye guhutazwa, kuko Leta y’Ubumwe yakoze n’ibyo abantu bumva ko bitashoboka, ariko yarabishoboye, twe ntitwumva ko ibi ari ikibazo kuri Leta ahubwo byaba igisubizo.

Kuri twe nk’umuryango wari waribagiranye, twumva ko Leta y’Ubumwe bw’Abanyarwanda yakagombye kutubera igisubizo mu kuzamura imibereho yacu.”

 

Minisitiri w’Ubutabera Johnston Busingye abivugaho iki?

Leta y’u Rwanda isa n’aho iki kibazo ikibona mu bundi buryo butandukanye n’ubwa Niyomugabo Ildephonse.

Kurinda Abasangwabutaka, (Abatwa) ni imwe mu myanzuro ya Universal Periodic Review (UPR) ijyanye no kubahiriza uburenganzira bw’abantu mu kubarinda no kubateza imbere, u Rwanda rwahakanye ko rutemera kuko binyuranye n’amahame y’imiyoborere rugenderaho.

Mu kiganiro Minisitiri Busingye yahaye abanyamakuru ku wa kane tariki 17 Ukuboza ubwo yasobanuraga aho u Rwanda rugeze rwubahiriza imyanzuro 67 ya UPR rwiyemeje n’uko ruzubahiriza indi 50 rwahawe, yavuze ko mu Rwanda nta ‘Musangwabutaka’ uhari kurusha undi.

Yagize ati “Muri iki gihugu harimo Umunyarwanda utandukanye n’abandi? Hari Umunyarwanda ushobora kuvuga ngo ni we indigene kuruta undi? Ngo ni we Musangwarwanda, ngo ni we Musangwabutaka kuruta abandi? Oya.

Mwibuke mu 1994 Jenoside yakorewe Abatutsi ijya gukorwa, politiki yariho icyo gihe yari iyo kuvuga ngo Abanyarwanda bamwe si Abanyarwanda, bagende. Mubashyize no muri Nyabarongo bagenda vuba bakajya iwabo.

Kuvuga ngo hari Abanyarwanda bari indigene kuruta abandi ni ikibazo gikomeye, niba mwarize amateka muzaze tuganire mumbwire ngo tuzi neza igituma abantu bamwe baba indigene abandi ntibabe indigene.

Ikindi, abatabaye indigene baba iki? Niyo mpamvu uwo mwanzuro…abanyamakuru mutangira kwandika kuri iki kibazo kiveho, kuko ari ikintu cyagiyeho mu buryo bwa politiki, cyangwa abantu kugira ngo bishakire ubundi buryo bwo kubaho.

Ntabwo ari ikintu gishingiye kuri science (ubushakashatsi), ntabwo ari ikintu gishingiye ku mateka, ntabwo ari ikintu gishingiye kuri facts (cyabonerwa ibimenyetso) wasesengura ukabona ahantu aho ariho hose.”

Minisitiri Busingye avuga ko nta Munyarwanda ukwiye kumva ko ariwe Musangwarwanda kuruta undi

Minisitiri Busingye avuga ko nta Munyarwanda ukwiye kumva ko ariwe Musangwarwanda kuruta undi

 

Iki kibazo na Amabasaderi w’Ubumwe bw’Uburayi Michael Ryan yagize icyo akivugaho

Abanyamakuru bamubajije bati ‘Uvuga iki ku bantu ba ‘indegene’?” Ryan yasubije agira ati “Uravuga ‘Twa’? Ntabwo navuga ko ari ikibazo gikomeye, ariko bamwe muri benshi babona ko ari ikibazo.

Nazengurutse mu gihugu hose, nabyiboneye n’amaso yanjye. Ariko nzi ko ari ikibazo cyaje mu myanzuro ya UPR ku rwego mpuzamahanga, gusa Minisitiri w’Ubutabera yasubije neza ko iki gihugu atari icy’umuntu umwe, atari igihugu gishingiye ku bwoko.

Mu Rwanda ni ahantu bigoye (sensible) kuvuga iby’amoko, niyo mpamvu ntabibona nk’ikibazo gikomeye cyane mu bihangayikishije Abanyarwanda.”

Amb Michael Ryan avuga ko ikibazo cy'Abatwa akizi ariko akabona ataricyo gihangayikishije cyane Abanyarwanda

Amb Michael Ryan avuga ko ikibazo cy’Abatwa akizi ariko akabona ataricyo gihangayikishije cyane Abanyarwanda


SRC: UMUSEKE

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